the priciple of differential areas
The Sprague Products pump develops high output pressures by applying the principle of differential areas. The pump has a large area air piston, air-driven at low pressures. This air piston drives a small area liquid piston that in turn pumps liquids at high pressures.
The liquid output pressure is determined by the ratio between the
area of the air drive piston, the area of the liquid driven piston
and the applied operating air pressure.
The area relationship of the air piston to the liquid piston is referred to as the pump ratio. This pump ratio is indicated in the dash number which follows the pump model basic number:
Example: S-216-J-10 pump has an approximate ratio of 10 to 1 or 10 psi liquid pressure for each 1 psi of operating air pressure.
In operation, an #-216-J-10 pump using 100 psi of input air
pressure will produce a maximum liquid output pressure of 1000
psi; 80 psi air will produce an output pressure of 800 psi;
60 psi air…600 psi output, and 40 psi air…400 psi
By regulating the incoming air supply at the pressure regulator,
the liquid output can be infinitely adjusted through the pump's
The materials used in the wetted section of the Sprague Products
basic pump are compatible to most liquids to be serviced.
Pump components and materials included:
- Liquid Body: 303 Stainless
- Liquid (driven) Piston: 416
Stainless Steel Chrome Plated
- Piston O-Ring: Nitrile
- Piston Back-up Ring: Teflon
(or equivalent compound)
- Check Valve Body: 416 Stainless
- Check Valve Poppet: 17-4ph
- Check Valve Spring: 302 Stainless
- Check Valve Seal: Nitrile
For optimum efficiency, certain accessories
are recommended for use with pump. Noise can be dampened by
at pump's air exhaust port. For "J" type lubricated
pumps and boosters, install an air control unit (filter, pressure
regulator with air gauge and lubricator) in the supply line.
For "JN" type non-lubricated pumps and boosters,
install an air control unit (without lubricator) in the air
supply line. These and other related accessory items are available
from Sprague Products.
For more information, CLICK HERE to check out the on-line catalog.
(requires Adobe Acrobat Reader)
For more information call 440-838-7690
or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Questions, comments and suggestions can be directed to email@example.com